The Biosphere reserves included in the UNESCO Man and Biosphere programme (MaB) are sites designed to secure a balance between the conservation of natural and cultural values and the sustainable economic development of the local population.

These spaces are also intended to conserve and provide protection for biodiversity, the economic and human development of these areas, as well as opportunities for research, education and the exchange of know-how and information between the various reserves, which are included in a worldwide network.