A fortified testimony of our origins
The rich heritage dating back to the 15th and 16th century that lies inside its walls has earned it the status of an Asset of Cultural Interest and a Historic and Artistic Monument. Indeed, the wall encloses magnificent civil and religious buildings, highlights of which include the cathedral and castle. The site of struggles between Christians and Jews, it owes its name to Count Rodrigo González Girón, who repopulated it in the year 1100.
This strategic, fortified location was the site of battles during the War of the Spanish Succession (1700-1714) and the Peninsular War (1808-1814), which were decisive in shaping modern-day Spain. Access to the castle and its keep, which today houses the city’s Parador-Hotel, is via La Colada Gate.
The Plaza Mayor is lined by stately homes such as that of the Marquis of Cerralbo, or the 16th century Casa de los Cueto, and is presided over by the City Hall, built in the same century. The splendid cathedral houses the Chapel of El Marqués de Cerralbo, a magnificent example of Herrerian architecture crowned by a large dome. Undoubtedly a place that is rich in history and heritage worthy of exploring.