Perched on a flat-topped granite hill, surrounded by the River Tormes, the town of Ledesma boasts Pre-Roman remains. The Church of Santa María la Mayor stands out against a backdrop of palaces and noble houses, shrouded by the wall that reflects all the splendour of this town.

The Romans left behind important traces of their culture: two bridges and a boundary stone, embedded in the north-east wall of the Church of Santa María.

The Moorish conquerors occupied the noble part of the town, forcing the Christians out into the surroundings, although the two cultures lived harmoniously together. The repopulation came during the days of prosperity under Ferdinand II in the 12th century, who granted it jurisdiction and constructed the wall.