The history of the city of Burgos dates back to the 10th century. It is situated over the area where the northern section of the Meseta meets the foothills of the Sistema Ibérico, and was founded by Count Diego Rodríguez Porcelos, by order of the Asturian king Alfonso III el Magno.

Burgos enjoys a privileged geographical position being located half way between Madrid and the French border, with cities such as Bilbao, Santander, Logroño and Valladolid, very nearby.

Three important routes both in terms of tourism and culture for Castilla y León pass through Burgos: the Ruta del Cid, the Camino de Santiago francés and the Ruta de Carlos V.

Before the Romans definitively stamped their mark on history in the territory of Burgos, there were already signs of life from prehistoric man in the area, as has been highlighted in the important discoveries made in Ojo Guareña and Atapuerca, just a few kilometres from the city, where one of the most important archaeological sites in the world is being safeguarded for the study of human evolution.